Star Calendar – October 2016

Star Calendar

October 2016

Star Calendar Planets:

Moon is New on the 1st for those in “Greenwich” and zones east – but it is still Sept 30th here. Those who do not mind being up after midnight will have a chance to see an occultation of Aldebaran on the night of 18-19th in the ESE. The bright limb should blot out Aldebaran around 12:45 (I do not have exact times!) and the dark limb should reveal just over an hour later.

Mercury shines with ascending Jupiter on the morning of the 11th, then falls back from his recent morning apparition and moves in direct motion behind the Sun on the 27th.

Venus is just under 15 degrees above the horizon at sunset all month and gradually brightens as she cruises towards Antares and Saturn – arriving between the two on the evening of the 27th.

Sun performs part of its strange semiannual schizo-peregrination on the 30th when much of Europe falls back from Summer Time to Standard Time just before Halloween. In the U.S. the Sun waits to confuse us until just before Election Day.

Mars passes through the steam (Milky Way) of the Teapot (Sagittarius) this month, SSW each evening as darkness settles in.

Jupiter appears next to Mercury (pretty low) on the morning of the 11th and is the brighter of the pair. He will gradually be higher thereafter and will be the brightest object in the eastern morning sky for a while. He is of equal brilliance to Sirius, seen in the south.

Saturn begins the month above Antares and begins direct motion into Ophiucus in earnest. The Moon stands above the pair on the 6th.

Star Calendar Days:

1 Sunrise/sunset in Spring Valley at 6:53/18:37 (11h43m daylight)

2 Sighting of the Moon (WSW, to right of Venus at 6:15PM) begins

    the years 5777 A.M. and 1438 A.H.; Hebrew and Muslim respectively

3 Moon above Venus, WSW around 6:15PM

5 Moon to right of Saturn, SW at 7:PM

6 Mars crosses top of the bow of the Archer, SSW at 7:15PM

8 Moon above Mars, SSW at 7:PM

    Draconid meteors?

11 Mercury (left) and Jupiter shine together 5:15 in East

15-16 Full Hunter’s Moon at midnight (12:23) AND perigee

17 Orionid meteors may peak early – but Moon will frustrate

19 Moon occults Aldebaran after midnight – sometime between 12:30 to 1:30AM

21 Typical peak for Orionids (residue from Halley’s Comet tail

27 Mercury crosses behind Sun (superior conjunction)

      Venus stands between Antares and Saturn low in SW at 5:45PM

28 Moon beside Jupiter in east at 5:AM

29 Mars is nearest to the Sun for its year

30 Europe falls back to Standard Time at 2:AM

      New Moon at 1:38PM

31 Sunrise/set in Spring Valley at 7:27/17:52 EST (11h15m daylight)

      All Saint’s Eve will be DARK this year

Star Calendar – October 2015

Star Calendar

October 2015

Star Calendar Planets:

Moon moves through the stars, eastward, at its own diameter every hour, or, 13 degrees per day, or, one season per week — as noted below.

Mercury is pretty bright now and is at greatest elongation mid-month. Those with a clear view to the east might pick him out due east at about 5:00AM

Venus is in her afterglow after her maximum brilliance last month. She is still at a large angle from the Sun and can be seen during the daytime with a little care. Look about 45 degrees (half a right angle) ahead of (right of) the Sun and patiently let the eyes linger, wandering in slowly larger circles around the chosen spot in the sky. Don’t look too hard or dart around too much. Once you see Venus you’ll wonder why it seemed so impossibly invisible to begin with — it just stands there sharp and bright; but if you go out another time it’s just as hard to find again!

Sun no longer gets high enough in our sky to create Vitamin D in our skin. The rule of thumb is that if your shadow is longer than you are tall, you are not getting the rays that stimulate that beneficial nutrient. The native northern-clime peoples make up for this with a very fatty acid (fish oil) diet. Those that shower daily might consider skipping the soap unless it’s actually needed; Vitamin D is an oil kept in your skin and it washes off with soap! UVA lights will give a suntan — but it is UVB or UVC that is needed to make Vitamin D.

Mars should now be visible, east in morning nautical twilight (around 5:00AM). As October opens he will be below Regulus and slightly dimmer. Venus stands higher, very bright, and Jupiter below, quite bright as well. On the 9th the Moon will stand just to the right; on the 18th Jupiter will stand very close by and he will finally have a sojourn with Venus on Nov.2nd.

Jupiter is the brightest object beneath Venus in the morning.

Saturn is low in the SW these evenings. He shuffles into Scorpius on the 16th, accompanied over the threshold by a crescent young Moon that night. They are SW at about 6:00PM

Star Calendar Dates:

1      Sunrise/sunset in Spring Valley at 6:53/18:38 EDT (11h45m daylight)

2      Moon near Aldebaran high in SW at 5:00AM

3      Moonrise most north-of-east for month, at 10:15PM

8      Moon above Venus, beside Regulus in east at 5:00AM

          Mars above Jupiter, a little lower in the east

          Mercury stationary to retrograde

9      Moon beside Mars, above Jupiter in east at 5:00AM

          Draconid meteors (?) from overhead in late evening

11      Moon rises due east, thin and very low, to right of Mercury at around 5:AM

12      Uranus in opposition, up all night in Pisces, (for binoculars)

14      Islamic year 1437 A.H. begins at sundown

15      Mercury at greatest elongation, visible in morning nautical twilight low in east

16      Moon above Saturn in WSW at 6:15 PM, both in Scorpius, near Antares

18      Jupiter to right of much dimmer Mars (both below Venus) in east at 5:AM

          Moonrise most south-of-east for month, at 11:15AM

24-25 Standard Time resumes in Europe

          Moon rises due east at 3:30PM

25      Venus to right of much less bright Jupiter in east at 5:00AM

26      Venus at greatest elongation, largest angle from Sun

27      Full Hunter’s Moon 8:05AM

29      Moon rises below Aldebaran, ENE at 8:00PM

31      Sunrise/sunset in Spring Valley at 7:26/17:53 EDT (10h27m daylight)

          Waning gibbous Moon rises 3 hours after darkness falls on Halloween

          Moon rises most north-of-east again, just before 9:00PM